With spring break only three weeks away, Vancouver Coastal Health (VCH) travel clinic is warning travelers about the dangers of viruses in different parts of the world.
The clinic says that being exposed to new environments means being exposed to new bacteria.
“When you travel abroad, you get exposed to bugs and viruses that your body may have never encountered before,” says Dr. Suni Boraston, medical director of the VCH Travel Clinic. “It’s really important for people to do their homework and find out what vaccines they might need before travelling to a specific area, and how far in advance they should be vaccinated. Getting immunized prior to your holiday is like purchasing health insurance for your trip.”
Know before you go:
Hawaii, Mexico, or the Caribbean
Hepatitis A vaccine – This virus can be contracted by drinking untreated water, eating contaminated uncooked foods such as shellfish, or eating foods prepared in unsanitary conditions. It is one of the most common vaccine-preventable illnesses in travelers.
Tetanus shot – Commonly known as lockjaw, it is a serious bacterial disease that can be deadly. About one in five people who get tetanus will die. The bacterium that causes tetanus can found in soil, dust and animal feces and the disease can develop from a cut or burn, ear infection or animal bite. After receiving the initial vaccines, a booster is required every 10 years.
Dukoral vaccine – An oral vaccine that prevents traveler’s diarrhea. An episode of travelers’ diarrhea is estimated to cost $1,500 in travel, time and medical costs. Those affected lose an average of 3.5 days of vacation time.
Dominican Republic or Central America
Malaria pills – The Travel Clinic offers prescriptions for malaria pills. Malaria is a common and life-threatening disease in many tropical and subtropical areas. It is most often spread to humans via infected mosquitoes.
Mexico, Africa, Asia, South or Central America, or the Caribbean
Zika virus – The infection is caused by a virus which is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. There is no vaccine or medication that protects against it. Pregnant women and women trying to get pregnant during their travels or immediately afterwards should consider avoiding travel to areas where an outbreak is occurring. After being in an affected area women wishing to conceive should wait two months after returning. If the man has a confirmed case of Zika virus he should wait six months until having unprotected sex.
Since mosquitos can spread many different diseases it’s important to protect against getting bitten. The clinic also offers a variety of travel products such as mosquito bed nets and repellent. Travelers should wear long sleeved shirts and pants, and ensure windows and doors are kept shut.
Flu vaccine – It is still flu season in most parts of the world. You can get a flu shot at the Travel Clinic, or at a walk-in clinic, with your family doctor, or pharmacist.
Post Source: Global News BC